The inaugural Faro Modernist Weekend culminated with a celebrational dinner on 13 November at the Manuel Gomes da Costa-designed Aeromar Hotel on Faro Beach. Three Portuguese architects, Inês Almeida, Luis Fonseca, and Sara Natária, found themselves seated at the same table. They had met 20 years earlier at the Porto School of Architecture – where Pritzker Prize-winning Álvaro Siza and Eduardo Souto de Moura are prominent alumni – and were now reunited at the feast in Portugal's Algarve region.
They were joined by more than 60 attendees from all over Europe (and a few from the United States) for a three-day celebration of Faro’s modernist architecture, offering several walking tours and open houses. Most of the attendees were architects searching for inspiration – and projects.
Experience the Faro Modernist Weekend
The offerings include the atmospheric Hotel Aeromar – it's like a 1970s beach house conceived by David Lynch, with the area’s most prolific modernist architect, Manuel Gomes da Costa, attached to it. The suggestion that it would be a dream project for the likes of the Ace Hotel group prompted Almeida to look at Natária and playfully say: ‘She’s already calling investors.’
Wife-and-husband team Almeida and Fonseca are building a townhouse in neighbouring Alvor, and borrowing from a cooling technique that enhances many of the buildings we see on the walking tours: cobogós. These patterned concrete bricks create screens that protect from the sunlight and heat – abundant sunshine and a dearth of rainfall are the weather cycle here – and were on dazzling display during Faro Modernist Weekend. More examples include the Blue Tropical Building on Avenida 5 de Outubro, one of the city’s largest residential buildings in the early 1970s.
Cobogós join Faro’s impressive display of other natural cooling methods, from designing the home around its orientation to the sun to using pilotis to extend the façade over the sidewalk and create shade, and second-skin façades.
'Manuel Gomes da Costa used to say: I am not a modernist; I’m a regionalist. Maybe you are a modernist when you graduate from a Le Corbusier school. Still, after that, you customise your projects to the place,’ says Christophe de Oliveira during one of the walking tours in front of Gomes da Costa’s private home (which resembles a Le Corbusier vision, but with palm trees). De Oliveira and his wife, Angelique de Olveira, founded Faro Modernist Weekend as a way to draw attention to the city’s collection of modernist architecture.
Gomes da Costa designed about 300 buildings in the area, adapting and perfecting techniques to the local conditions. He created Z-shaped stairs to prevent people from hitting their toes while stepping up, and he only worked in the afternoons (the mornings were reserved for his meditation and karate practices).
On the second night of the weekend, the British artist Richard Walker stood before a collection of his paintings inspired by Faro’s modernist architecture; many are abstractions akin to Diebenkorn’s Ocean Park series. 'We must return to the past before we can move forward,' he said. It’s a pertinent thought, especially as architects look to buildings that use less air-conditioning, electricity, and heat to combat the effects of climate change.
The next night, at the final dinner, Almeida and Fonseca talked about their years working in Oslo and moving their firm, A-lab, to the Algarve. They’d like to use what they learned there in their new projects in Faro, such as prioritising wellbeing. Norwegian koselig meets Portuguese modernism: sounds wonderful.
FARO MODERNIST WEEK HIGHLIGHTS
Built in the early 1970s by architect Joel Santana, this hotel was recently renovated by PAr. Geometric lines, a green marble block containing a stove, sink and storage, and Alvar Aalto-esque functional touches play nicely with a grassy central courtyard.
Manuel Gomes da Costa completed this South Modernist building in 1979. It remains a sprawling icon of the Faro skyline, and is an excellent example of the trend of large, multi-use buildings built across Europe and the USA in the 1960s and 1970s.
Rio de Janeiro
A wealthy Algarvian emigrant from Rio de Janeiro commissioned this building, desiring a building reminiscent of his home city, with Copacabana-style floor tiles, sandy parapet and a sunshine-coloured façade.
The first house designed by Manuel Gomes da Costa in Faro, it was rejected initially for its unusual design. Gomes da Costa created original azulejos (hand-painted Portuguese tiles) in each of his projects.
Manuel Gomes da Costa Atelier and House
Of the prolific architect’s home, author Ricardo Agarez said: 'He wanted here to mix the peace of a Japanese garden and a minimalism inspired of Mies Van der Rohe.'
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