Imagination meets urban planning at Detroit Design 139
The aim of Detroit Design 139 is to start a collective conversation about Detroit’s urban transformation, and it defines ten core design principles for guidance. Innovative projects at this year’s exhibition taking place at four locations across the city include a laundromat/coffee shop, an adaptive re-use project at a former car wash detergent factory and a data portal increasing public accessibility to information about land
The cranes have arrived in Detroit, where striking new developments are transforming a downtown that was recently on life support into a centre of construction and creative reuse. But for Detroit Design 139, a collective of local design advocates from the business, political and non-profit worlds who joined together in 2017, shiny projects in the centre of the city are not enough. They want the turnaround to happen the right way, and throughout the city’s 139 square miles.
That’s why on 31 August they launched their second exhibition ‘Inclusive Futures’, which focuses on more than 60 local projects and initiatives that are not just well-designed, but utilise effective, inclusive processes.
‘We know the money is coming,’ said Melissa Dittmer, a leader of DD 139 and chief design officer at major local developer Bedrock. ‘Now’s the time to start having this inclusive conversation. We should be holding ourselves to a higher standard.’
The exhibition is centred at 1001 Woodward, in the centre of Downtown, with satellite locations in three surrounding neighborhoods. Its juried projects — recently-completed or now-underway — are grouped into the six themes of City Systems, Economy, Housing, Neighborhoods, and Public Space. All follow DD 139’s ten core design principles, which call for, among other things, community engagement, respect for history and culture, promotion of diversity, and, of course, design innovation. And in the great Detroit tradition — from Henry Ford to Albert Kahn to Motown — innovation is definitely on display, and many projects show that Detroit is already becoming a new hub for urban thinking.
As you walk through the Woodward Building’s louvered, labyrinthine exhibition, you’re overwhelmed by smart ideas. Check out The Commons, a combination laundromat/coffee shop that solves the issue of providing basic neighborhood services along with leisure and community. On a wall across the way a display features Detroit Neighbourhood Workspaces, a collection of communal workspaces with very distinct neighborhood voices. Near that is a model of Stone Soap, the upcoming adaptive reuse of what was once a factory for the country’s first car wash detergent company. The restored, red brick building below — which will include a massive new market hall — merges with angular, courtyard-filled new galvanized metal architecture floating above.
Several ideas involve digital innovation, like the City of Detroit’s Open Data Portal, providing all residents access to visualized information maps of city-owned land, permit applications, and other useful sets. Extents Architects’ Online/On-Site helps identify latent opportunities to reimagine some of the city’s many forgotten spaces.
Speaking of forgotten spaces — a huge issue in a city whose population declined precipitously from its peak in the midcentury — another featured initiative is Give a Park, Get a Park, a city project that allows communities to cheaply purchase mid-block lots, and in return receive vacant corner lots nearby; and Good Stock, in which needed Stormwater Infrastructure helps transform vacant lots into parks and other useful spaces.
‘We need to get people thinking about what they can imagine in the city’ – Jeremy Lewis, Live6
More innovations range from varied sustainability plans; the city’s impressive riverfront development (overseen by David Adjaye and Michael Van Valkenburgh); and creative, mobility proposals for a field this city knows a lot about. Events around the exhibition include talks, panels, workshops, tours of city projects (like the under-renovation Book Tower) related exhibitions, and pecha kuchas, all meant to get people talking about new ideas and possibilities.
‘We need to get people thinking about what they can imagine in the city,’ added Jeremy Lewis, commercial corridor manager for Live6, a non-profit planning and development organization helping host one of the show’s satellite exhibitions at a storefront community space called Neighborhood HomeBase in the city’s Livernois-McNichols area.
‘We’re creating a space for these discussions to happen,’ added Dittmer. That conversation is more valuable than any project could ever be. §