There are high hopes and low expectations about COP21, depending on who you talk to. Few would argue though that the latest UN Climate Change Conference, now up and running in Paris, is a potentially pivotal moment. And more than a sealed off talking shop/echo chamber, it is engaging a city in need of a positive engagement.
The Fondation Cartier is making its contribution to the debate with the presentation of EXIT, a multi-media installation, devised by architecture and design studio Diller Scofidio + Renfro and based on an idea by the French information theorist Paul Virilio. The piece, on display at the Palais de Tokyo until January 2016, in an immersive 360 degree animation of six thematic maps, offering the latest geo-coded data on population shifts, remittances (the amount of money immigrants send back home), forced migration and the movement of political refugees, natural disasters, rising seas and deforestation. This is data-visualisation of huge imagination and inventiveness, intent of making ‘big data’ engaging and understandable.
In amongst this deluge of bad numbers, some startling stats stand out. There are, for instance, currently 19.5 million refugees worldwide and more than 38 million internally displaced people, the highest figure since the Second World War. In 2014, migrants sent more than €389bn to developing countries, three times the money received in foreign aid. Just for instance.
While some of these stats seem only tangentially related to climate change, the installation makes clear that it is impossible to talk about climatic disruption without talking about economic development and movements of people, particularly from rural areas to urban areas.
The piece was first presented in 2008 at the Fondation Cartier but all the data has been updated. And it seems more urgent now than ever, as if it were designed for this particular moment. Needless to say, the bad news of 2008 has only got worse. We caught up with Liz Diller to discuss the inspiration behind EXIT and how it has developed since the original.
Wallpaper*: What inspired or prompted the project?
Liz Diller: EXIT began while speaking to Paul Virilio about the complexities of global migration in relation to political, economic and environmental causes. We wanted to expose these issues without resorting to narrative media—whose familiarity and realism is often desensitising. So, we challenged ourselves to use only data—the driest and most abstract information—to create an immersive experience.
What were you trying to accomplish or make sense of through data visualisation?
Environmental information about human migration is typically seen in isolation from political information, and from economic information. Using panoramic projection of geo-coded data and an immersive soundtrack, Exit aims to expose relations about their interconnectivity, which is otherwise invisible.
Did you work on updating the piece or is it a matter of just feeding in new data?
It’s a different world from when we originally produced EXIT in 2007—the global population has grown by a billion and the number of refugees has increased fivefold. The 2015 update to Exit was about feeding in new data to reflect these types of dramatic changes.
Are you optimistic about COP21? Some people see this as a pivotal moment?
COP21 was an opportunity to speak to a more diverse audience, but we’re not pushing any particular agenda. Exit exposes inconvenient truths that are relevant to people outside of policy making.
We hope the show attracts others, maybe people who wouldn’t usually go to art museums. This project began with philosophers and grew to a collaborative team of artists, geographers and statisticians. Similarly, I think the world needs to think and work across disciplines when addressing these issues.