King Houndekpinkou: space-age meets tradition in ceramic art
Paris-based artist King Houndekpinkou’s other-worldly ceramic art creations fuse ancestral pottery traditions with space-age video games. As featured in the September 2021 issue of Wallpaper*, on newsstands and available for free download
Benin in West Africa, and Japan in the Far East. Ancestral pottery and space-age video games. King Houndekpinkou, an emerging ceramic artist based in Paris, pulls together these seemingly disparate influences to create sculptures characterised by bursts of bold colour, playful spikes and cracked surfaces. They are not indebted to any style or school, but instead reflect his background and perspective: a life defined by happy accidents.
Of Beninese origin, Houndekpinkou, 34, was born and raised in the suburbs of Paris. As a video game-obsessed kid, he developed a fascination for Japan’s pop culture. ‘My favourite was Zelda for its colours and motion graphics. I also loved the solution-seeking side of the games. For me, Nintendo also meant getting to spend time with my cousin, who was my playmate,’ recalls the ceramist. Today, his creative universe still feeds off this childhood passion: he is fond of dynamic forms, eye-popping colours and human connection.
Houndekpinkou made his first trip to Japan when he was 22. There he stumbled upon traditional ceramics, which sparked his curiosity. Back in Paris, he trained with a Japanese ceramics teacher, Kayoko Hayasaki. While accompanying Hayasaki to central France for a project with Japanese ceramicists, he met the ceramics master Toshiaki Shibuta, whom he now refers to as his spiritual father. ‘I was drawn to the animist rituals they practised. They prayed to the “kiln god”, drank sake, heaped up salt and scattered flowers to ward off evil, so that the firing of their ceramics would go well,’ explains the artist. ‘Our countries are 13,000km apart, but what a resemblance! Shintoism and African Voodoo share a strong connection to nature. Our rituals are about humility.’
‘Our countries are 13,000km apart, but what a resemblance between Shintoism and Voodoo’
Following this epiphany, Houndekpinkou made a second trip to Japan, this time to Bizen, home to one of the oldest kilns in the country. Since then, ceramics has become a medium for interrogating his identity and his roots; his 2016 Terres Jumelles (Twin Soils) project uses ceramics to foster cross-cultural dialogue between Benin and Japan. Each year, he travels to both countries, bringing back to Paris a bit of soil from each location that he blends into a hybrid clay.
‘The nature of clay – whether it is soft or sturdy, or what its mineral content is – depends on its geographical origin. I recognise each variety by its colour and texture.’ The artist experiments with different ‘cocktails’ of clay until he arrives at a formula that suits his purpose. ‘If I want something sturdy, I opt for sandy clay, which absorbs thermal shock. Touching the soil with my fingers, I feel so peaceful, spiritual and playful,’ he says.
His sculptures have ranged from huge vessels to more complex compositions. For example, using an upturned bowl as a base, he uses clay to attach more bowls, cups and handles to it, creating an evolutionary form of pottery. ‘I assemble functional pieces to become sculptures.’ While the Mingei movement, an influential force within Japanese culture, is based on finding beauty in daily and utilitarian objects, Houndekpinkou instead elevates them to another dimension.
One of Houndekpinkou’s signatures is an inventive use of glaze. ‘I was inspired by dripping liquid on a Voodoo altar,’ he explains, showing a few dozen pots of pigment and notebooks full of his own recipes. ‘It can take a combination of hundreds of these powders to obtain a particular colour or texture. Sometimes I rework a piece that is ostensibly finished, applying another layer of glaze and firing it again. Then a new piece is born!’ He thrives on the alchemy of technical prowess and creative experimentation. ‘The more technically trained you are, the more creative you can be. To be technical, you need discipline and balance.’
‘My studio wall is a self-portrait of sorts. If ever my brain is printed out, it should look exactly like this. Everything is logically connected, in a never-ending story’
He then switched the conversation to another of his passions: his wheels. ‘I love feeling the wind and speed when I’m riding a motorbike. And to get it working, I need to be mechanically precise. It’s exactly like pottery,’ he says, pointing to a photo of an old motorbike pinned on the wall of his studio. A red thread links this image to another photo, a bit further down on the same wall: a portrait of George Ohr, an idiosyncratic American ceramic artist known as ‘the mad potter’.
Back in 2017, Houndekpinkou was among a group of artists featured in a show in Florida that paid tribute to Ohr. The motorbike, it turns out, once belonged to Ohr. Many more photos, notes and press clippings fill the wall. Is it a mood board? ‘Not exactly,’ he says. ‘It’s a self-portrait of sorts. If ever my brain is printed out, it should look exactly like this. Everything is logically connected, in a never-ending story.’ §