Moving day: Renzo Piano’s new home for the Whitney Museum is ready to open

Outside view of the Whitney Museum, Manhattan
The new Whitney building opens on May 1st in Downtown Manhattan's Meatpacking District. Photography: Karin Jobst
(Image credit: Karin Jobst)

If architecture is the poetry of construction, Renzo Piano's (opens in new tab) latest creation, the new Whitney Museum of American Art (opens in new tab), opening to the public on the 1st May, is a metaphor in concrete and steel. Piano has more than proved he knows how to showcase art with projects like the Menil Collection in Houston and the Beyeler Foundation Museum in Basel.

Here he has seized his chance to frame a different type of view: stand on the terraces stacked along the eastern edge of the building and take in the expansive vistas of the city that has been the Whitney's home for 85 years and has fuelled its drive for innovation. Turn around and gaze through the column-free galleries to windows that look out over the Hudson River and westward to the nation beyond, the Whitney's self-assigned jurisdiction. It's not just breathtaking; it's a 360-degree view of the Whitney's mission.

There are those who will miss the old uptown Whitney, designed by Marcel Breuer (opens in new tab). They need not mourn. When cosmetics mogul and Whitney chairman emeritus Leonard Lauder gifted the museum $131m in 2008, he did so with the proviso that it not sell the Breuer building. Now, it is being leased to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (opens in new tab) for at least eight years. 

While the Breuer building was heavy and brooding, its form representing the 'purity of the art', Piano's Whitney, by contrast, recognises that 'art is embedded in the life of the culture,' says Director Adam Weinberg. 'This building is about being connected to the world, not cut of from it.' The ground floor is encased in glass at one end, nearly erasing any delineation between inside and out. There is also 13,000 sq ft of outdoor exhibition space on the facade's stacked terraces, which take the cityscape as their backdrop.

The museum was in need of more space for a while. After different attempts to expand the Breuer site by his predecessors, Weinberg turned to Piano, who also attempted to devise an expansion using a cluster of townhouses adjoining the Whitney. 'When the board decided the expansion would not meet our goals,' recalls Scott Resnick, a collector and real estate developer who chaired the building committee, 'Dia [Art Foundation] was backing out of a project they had on Gansevoort Street. It was a big shift to contemplate leaving the Breuer,' but the realisation that there was not a practical way to stay set in, and the Whitney was able to swoop in and do a deal.

Now the Whitney is in one of the city's most dynamic neighbourhoods, the Meatpacking District, just blocks away from Greenwich Village, where the Whitney was born. Granted, the quarter has changed a bit since then, but, says Weinberg, the return is about 'reconnecting to history.'

Of course, the Breuer is part of that history, and there are echoes of it here. Most obviously, the stepped-back, arrangement of Piano's $422m Whitney is the inverse of Breuer's upside-down staircase silhouette. The lifts open directly onto the galleries, as in the Breuer building. There's also a stairwell that bears what Weinberg calls a 'kinship' with the one in the old Whitney, as well as another one inviting visitors to climb the building outdoors. And, after two years of angst debating the crucial issue of ceiling heights, the design team finally chose 15.5 ft and 17.5 ft, the same height as the third and fourth floor of the Breuer building.

Now, in it's brand new home, the Whitney is very close to raising the $760m it says it needs to complete the immediate funding requirements. And at least this move comes with a ready-made expansion plan, says Resnick: first dibs on the plot of land to the north of the museum when the lease, still held by a meatpacking cooperative, runs out in about a decade. And don't rule out a return uptown. Says Resnick, 'It's the key reason we kept the Breuer.' 

For more information on the project and the history of the Whitney Museum, read the full article in the May 2015 issue of Wallpaper* - out now

Outside view of Whitney Museum from the street

The museum's new home sits right next to the famous New York High Line. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of the Whitney Museum from the street showing it's eight stories

The building spans eight floors... Photography: Karin Jobst

(Image credit: Karin Jobst)

Ariel view of the outdoor area of the Whitney Museum

..with several outdoors areas spread throughout. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of Whitney Museum showing glass windows and staircases

Piano's design is a composition in glass, concrete and steel. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of the Whitney Museum from the street

The consistent material palette adds to an industrial feel that pays homage to neighbouring buildings. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

The Whitney Museum outside terrace with upside down staircase

The new museum's stepped-back arrangement is the inverse of the Breuer building's upside-down staircase silhouette. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

People sat on chairs inside the museum looking out glass windows

Glass walls and column free galleries offer expansive vistas. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of Whitney museum showing glass entrance

On ground level the building lifts to reveal a glass opening, marking the entrance. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of ground floor at Whitney museum

The new structure's relationship with the street and the surrounding neighborhood was carefully taken into consideration during the design process. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Outside view of the museum showing the ground level and entrance

The glass-enclosed ground level and entrance were designed to be open and welcoming to visitors. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Gallery with multiple paintings on the wall and 4 podiums with art sculptures on

There are art display galleries on four of the building's main levels. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Exhibition with multiple different paintings on the wall

The Whitney now also features the largest column-free museum exhibition space in New York. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Exhibition with a variety of sculptures including a life size boy

The sixth- and seventh-floor galleries will be devoted to the permanent collection. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

Exhibition showing a row of men in suits with no heads

This building was designed to be 'connected to the world, not cut of from it', says Whitney Director Adam Weinberg. Photography: Nic Lehoux

(Image credit: Nic Lehoux)

ADDRESS

Whitney Museum of American Art
99 Gansevoort Street
New York, NY 10014

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