Remembering Vittorio Gregotti: architect, thinker, Italian
We celebrate the legacy of intellectual Italian architect Vittorio Gregotti
Over the weekend articles and streamed reports tried to ease the grief caused by the great loss of Vittorio Gregotti, who passed away aged 92 on 15 March, in Milan.
Gregotti was the archetype of the intellectual architect, a typically Italian figure that, from the 1960s, fused the profession with political militancy. He obstinately insisted that his work should be socially useful – both a guide and a service to the community. He took full responsibility for his actions, creating a highly cultured vision of the built world. It will take time to absorb the full complexity of this intellectual, whose work is so important for both Italian and international architecture.
Many of his most important treatises such as ‘The Architecture of the Land’ (‘Lâ architettura del territorioâ’, Feltrinelli, 1966) have never been translated into English. For him, architecture was first and foremost a cultural phenomenon, an artistic practise based on the critical observation of the real world that can be applied to an area to improve it socially. He designed cities and buildings in Italy, China, Portugal, Germany and Morocco.
There is no kind of building that Gregotti did not design, so wide was his range, but they all had one thing in common: the ties to their contexts, to the decisive intervention on the landscape. Gregotti was a famous city planner, a prolific writer, editor and then director of Casabella magazine, university lecturer in Milan, Venice and Palermo, together with his friend Umberto Eco he was the curator of an unforgettable Triennale di Milano in 1964, all about ‘free time’. He was a great draftsman and made the conscious decision not to embrace digital culture.
At the beginning of his career he also designed products, joining forces with Giotto Stoppino and Ludovico Meneghetti. He believed that industrial design was a discipline dedicated to the life of human beings and not to style, consumerism or brands, writing a fundamental manual on ‘Design of the Industrial Product. Italy 1860-1980’, (‘Il disegno del prodotto industriale. Italia 1860-1980’, Electa). This work is above all interesting for its precise definition of design as a mechanical and aesthetic strategy for realising objects, and not as a phenomenon that is subject to fads and trends.
He was director of the Visual Arts section of the Venice Biennale just after the youth protests of the early 1970s and, following his intuition, introduced the subject of space to the show – a concept that was being enthusiastically explored by artists of the time. Franco Raggi, Germano Celant and Luca Ronconi contributed to the same vision. Just two years ago, in 2018, the Padiglione d’Arte Contemporanea (PAC) in Milan, dedicated a vast retrospective show to his life and work, curated by Guido Morpurgo. Present at the inauguration of the exhibition were some of the figures that shared Gregotti’s unique professional journey such as the product and graphic designer Pierluigi Cerri, the curator and writer Pierluigi Nicolin and the architect Augusto Cagnardi.
During those days I passed by via Matteo Bandello in Milan, historic home of Gregotti Associati studio, in the company of Stefano Boeri, architect and president of the Triennale di Milano. He told me that that studio ‘was the first in Milan to be a cosmopolitan place, a platform for collective thinking, open to the architectural cultures and philosophies of Japan, Portugal, China, and connected to the literary and musical culture of Venice and Paris, to all of which Vittorio Gregotti had been a great orchestral conductor’.
Gregotti passed away of pneumonia, after contracting the novel coronavirus, Covid-19. The Milanese community takes up his cultural heritage and will continue to express it while respecting those who, today, mourn the loss of a figure. Due to current government regulations, no public commemorative service has been planned. §