Headquarters: Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Unrealised due to excessive construction costs, Dutch architecture firm MVRDV designed an artificial mountain which was set to be built over the gallery itself. Increasing health and safety concerns further hampered its creation, yet the design is still considered an important part of the pavilions’ history. MVRDV is internationally engaged in the global conversation of providing solutions to contemporary architectural and urban issues. The firm was founded by Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs and Nathalie de Vries in 1993, with its offices based in Rotterdam in the Netherlands.