The silence and song of this year’s Turner Prize shortlist
The 2019 Turner Prize shortlist – Lawrence Abu Hamdan, Helen Cammock, Oscar Murillo, and Tai Shani – share a focus on language
It’s all very British. The train is delayed from London to Margate, the sky is a special kind of UK-grey, and the horizon has been impressionistically smudged by drizzle. On Margate beachfront, the red plastic flames of Flamingo’s Amusements lick up the walls near the shelter where, in 1921, TS Eliot sat to write part III of The Waste Land. A seagull drops a briny chip on my umbrella.
There are no better circumstances to view the best of contemporary British art at this year’s Turner Prize exhibition. Since 2007, the prize has left its home at Tate Britain to be hosted by a location across the UK. 2019 marks the first time the award has been exhibited at the David Chipperfield-designed Turner Contemporary in Margate – but despite this, it feels like it has come home. JMW Turner (the Prize’s namesake) came to Margate frequently, inspired by the expanse of sea and sky that frames this pocket of Kent.
This year’s shortlisted artists – Lawrence Abu Hamdan, Helen Cammock, Oscar Murillo, and Tai Shani – present a diverse and varied snapshot of contemporary British art, in all its multiplicity. Each display, though unique in medium and method, shares a sense of difficulty. It’s not easy viewing, with themes of injustice, violence, and silencing, common to each. ‘The Turner Prize exhibition has traditionally created debate and even controversy,’ says Turner Contemporary director Victoria Pomery. ‘This year, we hope that conversations around the Turner Prize exhibition will enrich, challenge and create a legacy.’
Three of the four shortlisted artists’ presentations share an interest in language. Self-titled ‘private ear’, musician and artist Lawrence Abu Hamdan (our tip for the win) presents an audio-visual juggernaut, drawing on research undertaken as part of an investigation commissioned by Amnesty International, into ‘ear-witness’ accounts from six survivors of the Syrian regime prison of Saydnaya. The prison’s architecture was designed to funnel the sounds of each cell to a central point, subjecting inmates to constant auditory surveillance and torture.
In the installation, poignant written testimony appears on a screen in a blackened room, to a soundtrack of audio cues made by Abu Hamdan, alongside the Saydnaya survivors, and research agency Forensic Architecture, based at Goldsmiths University, London. Together, they recreated the sounds the prisoners remember hearing (from doors locking, to bread being dropped onto cell floors, to the sound of JCB diggers outside). Often, Abu Hamdan would use found sounds – from popcorn makers to a Nokia ringtone – and digital manipulation to jog the survivor’s audial memory. The resultantly eery score reverberates around the room, and a packed audience is hooked, as if in the cinema – a rare sight in an art gallery, where more often that not, work is looked at by many, but only truly seen by few.
Language appears again in Helen Cammock’s practise. Her film The Long Note is a collage of voices conveying the largely hidden power of women in the Northern Ireland civil rights movement. She incorporates different types of text – prose, song, journalism, philosophy – questioning ‘who is representing who, and for whom?’. Cementing this interest in language as a representational tool, a table strewn with books on Irish history tempts guests to sit down and read, and a series of colourful prints convey simple and profound messages.
The pink extravaganza of Tai Shani’s installation may trick the senses into a feeling of relative safety. We’re in easy Instagrammable territory, but her feminist sci-fi installation lingers longer than a double tap. Dense with references, it takes as its starting point Christine de Pizan’s 1405 work The Book of the City of Ladies, in which the author creates an allegorical city made up of virtuous women, both real and mythical, from the past, present and future, who shape the structures of the city itself. Accompanying the giant pink swathes of fabric, swinging udders and suggestive balloons, is a film and audio element that narrates obscure passages from the book.
Stepping momentarily away from literature, and into art history, Oscar Murillo is the first Turner Prize artist to present the work of someone else as part of their exhibition. Surrounding John Watson Nicol’s 1883 oil painting Lochaber No Morepresents, Murillo creates a display of curtain-like sculptures that reference Monet’s water lillies, and wrap around the room, blotting out the view. Inside, pews of papier-mâché human figures sit surreally. The life-size effigies are inspired by the Colombian tradition of making models to be burnt at New Year, exploring themes of labour and migration.
Born in Yorkshire, Abu Hamdan acknowledges that – as a kid growing up outside of London – the Turner Prize was his first interaction with contemporary art. He says, ‘It is one of a few, very rare moments in which contemporary art briefly expands out of its industry bubble.’ The inherent ‘Britishness’ of the award is showcased here in its country-wide level of engagement, and its apparent commitment to diversity, and different definitions of what ‘art’ is. We jump from song to score to sculpture, from Ireland to Columbia to somewhere deep in feminist outer-space – and it’s still only an hour outside of London (if the trains run on time). §