Thomas Ruff reimagines 1850s India and Burma at the V&A Photography Centre
A major new body of work by German artist Thomas Ruff bridges digital manipulation with one of the earliest important achievements in analogue photography. Commissioned to celebrate the opening V&A’s brand new Photography Centre on 12 October, the series Ruff/Tripe reimagines a set of 1850s images of temples, palaces and monuments in India and Burma (now Myanmar) captured by British Army captain and photographer Linnaeus Tripe.
The Englishman joined the East India Company in 1838, moving to the south of India in 1840. However, Tripe only became interested in photography after relocating to Bangalore in 1854, following a four-year leave in England that was extended due to his poor health. Remarkably, he spent only two years making images in southeast Asia, but ten years printing them.
‘There’s a golden moment where [Tripe] made an incredible survey of all these places in India and Burma, some which had never been photographed before,’ says Martin Barnes, senior curator of photographs at the V&A. ‘It’s balancing between being a topographical military ordinance survey and admitting he was thrilled by the artistry of making these pictures.’
Tripe_09 (Amerapoora. My-au-dyk Kyoung), 2018, by Thomas Ruff, C-type print. © Courtesy of Thomas Ruff and David Zwirner Gallery
Ruff embarked on his own expeditions to the V&A’s viewing room, ultimately selecting 20 images from the 400-strong collection of Tripe paper negatives in the archive (ten works from the new series feature in the inaugural display). The negatives were photographed on a light-box at the London museum and delivered digitally to him (the artwork titles noticeably read like file names).
The artist began by layering Tripe’s sepia-toned negative with that of the positive albumen print on-screen, selectively teasing out areas of blue before enlarging the image to over three times its original size, and amplifying the structure of the paper and minute details hidden within it. There’s a quiet majesty to Ruff’s adaptation of Tripe’s images, as he pays homage to their scale, beauty and pictorial quality.
‘I did not want to compete with his printing. I really wanted to show the negative – or the state of the negative – 160 years later,’ says Ruff when we visit his Düsseldorf studio ahead of the opening. ‘All that was in the negatives is left and visible.’ Every scratch, speck of dust, water stain, mark of discolouration, and crease is shown in unapologetic glory in the 80 x 140cm prints, which Ruff – unlike Tripe – insisted on displaying them uncropped.
It’s the first time Ruff has ever worked with paper negatives and was intrigued by Tripe’s early ‘retouching’ processes, especially his hand-painting of the reverse of the negatives to add clouds or emphasise the ripples on water. (Early photographic emulsions were over-sensitive to blue and would not register clouds, so 19th century photographers would often retouch the sky to add interest to the picture).
Tripe’s photographs were the subject of an exhibition at the V&A in 2015, but seen in this ‘super-charged’ context the works take on a new lease of life. ‘Now the time is right to look at the aesthetics of the pictures and really rethink them as objects,’ says Barnes. ‘Thomas spans the world of analogue and digital, so his language of understanding the chemistry, the optics, and the ambition in making these pictures allows him to digitally draw [unique] things out of the pictures. Being able to translate them to the digital world allowed us to see what has never been revealed on those negatives.’
The Ruff/Tripe commission sits in poetic symmetry with the 150-odd cameras at the entrance of the revamped galleries – the installation, too, spans 160 years. ‘When most people think of photography, they think only of [the time] since Leica invented 35mm [in 1913]. Then it went on and film was exchanged to a digital sensor. That’s what photography is for them – this kind of straightforward photography,’ muses Ruff.
The artist continues, ‘I would say that’s only 5 per cent of the photographic world. If you go backwards, you’ll find every photographer who practiced photography in the first 50 years had to find their own technique. Everyone was a scientist, or an engineer. It was a really rich and wide world of photography.’ The new Photography Centre sets the perfect stage for Ruff’s latest series – a highly gratifying portal into the long history of the medium. §