During the last decade, Frank Bowling has, at long last, enjoyed belated recognition. In the last two years alone, he received his first retrospective at Tate Britain and was Knighted on the Queen’s Birthday Honours List. The attention on his work, albeit overdue, is only crescendoing. 

In the latest chapter of Bowling’s six-decade ascension to acclaim is a transatlantic takeover of Hauser & Wirth galleries in London and New York. These mark the artist’s inaugural exhibitions with the gallery since joining its roster in 2020. With works spanning 1967 to the present day, ‘Frank Bowling – London / New York’ captures how one artist’s inventive approach to the physicality of paint pushed abstraction to its limits. 

Frank Bowling in his studio at 535 Broadway Studio

Frank Bowling in his studio at 535 Broadway Studio, c. 1971

As their titles suggests, the simultaneous shows follow Bowling’s life and work between the UK and the United States spanning half a century. Born in Guyana (then British Guiana) in 1934, the artist arrived in London in 1953, graduating from the Royal College of Art in 1962. 

He later shuttled between the art scenes in London and New York, maintaining studios in both cities. London is where Bowling trained as a painter. But while his modern contemporaries including David Hockney, Pauline Boty and Patrick Caulfield were parting the art waves in Britain, Bowling – for reasons unclear, but certainly unrelated to the depth of his artistic output – mainstream success didn’t arrive – arguably one of the greatest artistic oversights of the last century. 

 ‘Frank Bowling–London / New York’,Installation view, Hauser & Wirth London. Photography: Alex Delfanne. Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth 

Installation view, ‘Frank Bowling – London / New York’, Hauser & New York, 22nd Street, 2021. © Frank Bowling. Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth. Photography: Thomas Barratt

The shows span Bowling’s early engagement with expressive figuration and pop art, to his distinctive blend of poetry and abstraction that continues to evolve today. Visible in his work are the legacies of the English landscape painting traditions of Gainsborough, Turner and Constable. But in 1960s New York, Abstract Expressionism was stirring and Bowling was greeted with a new wave of garish colours and gestural improvisation. He was also met with new dilemmas as the Civil Rights Movement intensified in a city where divisions between the art of Black and white artists remained stark. 

Bowling would often begin a painting in one city and finish it in the other, and his work, in turn, became a hybrid fusion of cities, cultures and atmospheres. In his words, ‘I would just roll the lot up and move. And I knew that when I got to the other end, I could roll them out again and continue to work.’ 

Installation view, ‘Frank Bowling – London / New York’, Hauser & New York, 22nd Street, 2021. © Frank Bowling. Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth. Photography: Thomas Barratt 

‘Frank Bowling–London / New York’,Installation view, Hauser & Wirth London. Photography: Alex Delfanne. Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth

His shows at Hauser & Wirth are as much tales of two cities as tales of two rivers. Bowling’s command of light, colour, and geometry was greatly influenced by the two great bodies of water in his life: The Thames in London and the East River in New York, near to which he maintained his studios. 

Within his vast canvases, the water’s swirling reflections feel tangible. Kaleidoscopic acrylic gel is palette-knifed into ripples and bulging protrusions. Through impasto, collage, stitched canvases, found objects and metallic and pearlescent pigments – each vantage point tells a new story. 

Frank Bowling, Sand Circle, 1983, Acrylic, acrylic gel and polyurethane foam on canvas. © Frank Bowling, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth. Photography: Thomas Barratt
Frank Bowling, Sand Circle, 1983, Acrylic, acrylic gel and polyurethane foam on canvas. © Frank Bowling, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth london and new york. Photography: Thomas Barratt

Top and above: Frank Bowling, Sand Circle, 1983, Acrylic, acrylic gel and polyurethane foam on canvas. © Frank Bowling, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth. Photography: Thomas Barratt

Throughout his career, Bowling has had one finger on the pulse of western modernity and another on that of his native Guyana. At 87, he remains a prolific creator, carefully directing the physical construction of his work as assistants pour, drip and splash paint across his vast canvases.

A tireless experimenter, sharp intellectual, and shape-shifting creative, Bowling may have been cast in the moulds of English landscape painting and American Abstract Expressionism, but spend even 30 minutes with his work, and you’ll unearth untold histories and a poetic approach to abstraction that continues to feel mind-blowingly new. §