Adam Richards designs a new education facility for a 16th century castle by the sea

While working from home in London, we've been plotting places to visit in the UK when the lockdown lifts. Adam Richards' new education facility for Walmer Castle in Kent is a new reason to visit this historical treasure, once the residence of the HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother and set within eight acres of gardens

The facade of the education center is made out of gray bricks with a black roof. Next to the center are trees and foliage.
Walmer Castle and Gardens learning centre designed by Adam Richards Architects
(Image credit: TBC)

In the grounds of Walmer Castle on the UK's Kent coastline, Adam Richards Architects has designed a new learning centre and café that echoes the brooding qualities of the 16th century castle with its sculptural handmade brick walls. Commissioned by English Heritage, which owns the historic site and gardens, it is the first new substantial building built on the site for 145 years.

Walmer Castle was originally built as an artillery fort in 1539-40 during the reign of Henry VIII, and from the 18th century, the Tudor-fortress turned into a stately home for historical figures such as Duke of Wellington, Sir Winston Churchill, and HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. The popular destination welcomes 3,000 education visitors annually, and needed a dedicated space to host these visiting groups and school pupils where events such as cross-curricular learning days and nature therapy sessions could play out rain or shine.

A side look at the education center. The facade is made out of gray bricks with a black roof. There is a large alcove window. Next to the center are trees and foliage.

(Image credit: Brotherton Lock)

Architect Adam Richards, who scooped a Wallpaper* Design Award this year for his Nithurst Farm house in the South Downs National Park, responded to the brief with a single storey brick building. Inside, a single main room dedicated to group education features a five-pointed Tudor arc-shaped window that frames a cloud-shaped double row of hedges bordering the kitchen garden. Comfortable in its garden setting, the exterior is discreet and contemporary. Grey brick walls are framed by a shallow pitched zinc roof and a rough concrete plinth, sandblasted to expose the aggregate.

Sensitive to its site and existing architectural additions from the 18th century, the café makes the most of an original timber-framed glasshouse and opens up onto a Yorkstone terrace for coffees and lunches in good weather. Support spaces are housed in a black zinc building with cantilevered roof canopies.

Adam Richards, director, Adam Richards Architects, said: ‘This new learning space "bookends" the estate buildings at the castle, entering into a dialogue with the castle across space and across time. The garden is now re-presented to users of the new building through its vitrine window: visitors see it through this vast display case, framed by a new five-pointed brick arched opening.’ 

Connecting the garden even further to the site, a new outside staircase of galvanised steel clad in air-dried oak leads visitors into a lost quarry garden, the Glen, newly accessible to the public for the first time in 100 years. Here, head gardener Mark Brent has planted species that with thrive in the calcareous soil of the former chalk quarry, and craftsman William Hardie has designed a new children’s play trail.

A side look at the education center from afar at night. The facade is made out of gray bricks with a black roof. There is a large alcove window through which we see a woman and the light is on. Next to the center are trees with naked branches and foliage.

(Image credit: Brotherton Lock)

A washing room in the education center. To the left, we see a large alcove window. To the right, we see two sinks on a white marble countertop and above are white subway tiles.

(Image credit: Brotherton Lock)

A side look at the education center. The facade is covered in the black metal lining, as is the roof. In the distance, we see a sunroom.

(Image credit: Brotherton Lock)

a look at the back of the property. We see wooden stairs that are surrounded by nature.

(Image credit: Brotherton Lock)



Walmer Castle and Gardens
Kingsdown road
CT14 7LJ


Harriet Thorpe is a writer, journalist and editor covering architecture, design and culture, with particular interest in sustainability, 20th-century architecture and community. After studying History of Art at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and Journalism at City University in London, she developed her interest in architecture working at Wallpaper* magazine and today contributes to Wallpaper*, The World of Interiors and Icon magazine, amongst other titles. She is author of The Sustainable City (2022, Hoxton Mini Press), a book about sustainable architecture in London, and the Modern Cambridge Map (2023, Blue Crow Media), a map of 20th-century architecture in Cambridge, the city where she grew up.

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