Although Diller Scofidio + Renfro's museum commission, The Broad, nearly broke the internet when it opened last month, the new 100,000 sq ft McMurtry Building they designed to house Stanford University's Department of Art & Art History is an architectural marvel in its own right.
'We've been working in the arts and academia for some time,' says partner Charles Renfro, referring to the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston and the Brown University Creative Arts Center. In the latter, the New York-based firm made a building that was offset by half a floor from one side to the other, essentially creating one continuous space. 'The building acted as a protagonist to the creation of work. It not only demonstrated cross-disciplinary work with the flow of one space to another, it also assisted in the creation of projects that take advantage of the continuous space,' adds Renfro. 'That's where we started thinking about the Stanford project.'
After rounds of early meetings with the students and faculty, it quickly became clear to the MacArthur Genius Award-wining architects that the art-making and art history sides of the building had very different needs, while demanding equal but separate spaces. 'It occurred to us that we could make two separate buildings that would be roughly parallel, so apart but equal,' says Renfro, who took inspiration from the classic Stanford quadrangle design; green areas arcaded with the faces of surrounding buildings. 'We thought it would be interesting to arcade an outdoor space with the two programs in the building.'
As such, the two buildings intertwine in a 'productive face-off' via spiraling glass volumes that are meant to look like 'DNA strands' that wrap around each other diagonally, all while suspending a floating art and architecture library. Inside the spirals, there are also partially glazed windows that allow for serendipitous views into the respective spaces. In addition to the voluminous interiors – which will not only increase class offerings by 35 per cent but allow for art history students to work opposite practicing artists for the first time in the university's history – the firm doubled the outdoor space. There are glass garage doors on the shop and gallery that open to the main courtyard. The painting studios spill out onto the upper sunlit courtyard and even the classrooms have their own open air space, on the third floor, which can be utilised for al fresco lectures.
The separate but equal paradigm plays out on a material level as well, with the making side constructed of 'rough and tumble' exposed concrete walls, steel ceilings and white drywalls, while the art history strand features high tech lighting, projection and speakers in every room, carpeted floors and dropped ceiling (for acoustic absorption), sand stained wooden walls. 'It's a neutral color palette through that strand, 50 shades of gray,' jokes Renfro. Stanford wanted a contextual building that fit in with its vernacular architecture, so DS+R employed stucco on the facade of the art history strand while applying custom zinc panels to the outside of the making strand. They also wanted to make the ground floor interior courtyard 'feel like a room' by installing a warm wooden ceiling, like they did at the ICA, to warm up the sculpture critique and gallery spaces.
While students have been utilising the space for a few weeks, Renfro hopes they use it as a tool that expands their practice. 'There's a matter of dualism we like to bring in to all of our projects,' says Renfro. 'It's a much more casual but super-charged work environment.'