In a written world characterised by links, tweets and SMS slang, it's amazing how naughty it still feels to hold a book in your hands and skip to the last page before you've read the first. But that's exactly what Composition No. 1 invites you to do.
A little known tome by Marc Saporta, published in 1962 - and reinvented today by young publishing house Visual Editions - it is made up of entirely loose pages, each with their own self-sufficient narrative. With no page numbers or chapters, you can shuffle things around as you please. Yet still, the urge not mess up the original order is strangely overwhelming.
Composition No. 1 was the first 'book in a box' when it was published, and went on to inspire later works like The Unfortunates by BS Johnson. An interconnected web of stories about a group of Parisians during the Second World War German occupation, it both challenges our notions of what a book is and the way we read it.
'It was the first book to demand active participation, or what we might call today, interactive,' says Tom Uglow of Creative Labs Google and YouTube, in his forward to Composition No. 1 - a concept that makes it particularly apt for today.
To rework it for the 21st century, Visual Editions - the London publishing house whose central tenet is the concept of 'visual writing' - called in Sheffield-based studio" target="_blank" >Universal Everything
, well known for its interactive screen-based work. As well as redesigning the book, it also created unique, digitally-generated artwork for the backs of each page.
While the process of reading becomes increasingly screen driven, Visual Editions and Universal Everything have been clever to emphasise the tactility of the physical book in this way. However, with the multiple different entry points to its narrative, Composition No. 1 also lends itself brilliantly to the iPad - a point not lost on the publishers. Once again they turned to Universal Everything, who have designed a delightfully simple accompanying app, whose pages keep shuffling until you tap the screen.
Karakida Community Center, Tama, Tokyo
See more of the Composition No. 1 iPad app. Watch the video
Once you've got over the compulsion to keep the pages in order, it makes for an engaging experience. Sure, it's not the most cohesive of reads but if you don't like a fragment of the story you can skip happily onto the next. And the snippets of narrative are oddly compelling as they invite you momentarily into each character's world. Then - of course - there's the added bonus that you get to choose how the book ends.