Venice Architecture Biennale’s new crop of national pavilions for 2018
Each year Venice expands its pavilion-count as new nations join the fray to discuss their unique urban contexts on the global stage. This year, Venice welcomes Antigua & Barbuda, Saudi Arabia, Guatemala, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Holy See (hosted by the Vatican Chapels) to its crop of pavilions. As ground has been covered in the Giardini, where the longest-standing pavilions reside, the newbies occupy spaces in the Arsenale as well as new spaces of the city – the ever-expanding Biennale continues to grow.
Located at the Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore, the Holy See ‘pavilion’ is made up of a series of small temporary pavilions. Curators Francesco Dal Co - critic, architectural historian and editor of Casabella magazine - and Micol Forti commissioned 10 architects to take part and design pavilions including Andrew Berman, Francesco Cellini, Javier Corvalàn, Eva Prats and Ricardo Flores, Norman Foster, Teronobu Fujimori, Sean Godsell, Carla Juacaba, Smiljan Radic, Eduardo Souto de Moura, Francesco Magnani and Traudy Pelzel. The picturesque site of the Holy See pavilions sits alongside the basilica designed by architect Andrea Palladio that dates from 1573. While the pavilions are temporary, they will be dismantled and rebuilt in Italian communities that suffered earthquakes over the last two years.
Titled ‘Stigma’, the Guatemalan pavilion responds to the main theme of ‘Freespace’ in creating architectural models that symbolise utopias. The focal point of the exhibition is an exact photographic reproduction of the Temple of Masks in Tikal. Further Guatemalan designs on display include spiral structures decorated with archaic motifs and Spomenik-like monuments that are futuristic totems and silent witnesses of history.
The Holy See pavilion concept designed by Brazilian architect Carla Juaçaba for the Venice Architecture Biennale 2018
With a population of 197 million people, Pakistan is the sixth-most populous country in the world. For its debut at Venice, the Pakistan Pavilion, titled The Fold and located at the Giardini della Marinaressa – Giardino di Levante, takes the opportunity to examine the theme, Freespace, within the context of Karachi, Pakistan’s largest and most populated city. With coastlines along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman and shared borders with Afghanistan, India, Iran and China, Pakistan is home to a large number of immigrants, who gravitate to Karachi for employment opportunities, fueling it to grow from one million inhabitants in 1950 into an ethnically and linguistically diverse metropolis of over 20 million today. The city’s growth, and its under regulated and unregulated development patterns have resulted in interesting urban and community consequences, which the pavilion will explore. The team includes Coalesce Design Studio, a Karachi-based multidisciplinary design practice, and Antidote Art & Design, a Dubai-based platform that serves the careers of emerging and mid-career visual artists and designers.
Photography of Karachi. Photography: Sakina Hassan
ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
Curated by Barbara Paca and titled ‘Environmental Justice as a Civil Right’, the Antigua & Barbuda pavilion explores ‘environmental justice’ which it argues is a civil right, specifically in the face of severe climate change facing the island nation. The exhibition takes three sites of interest and presents them through architectural models, artefacts, and drawings, examining the relationship between architecture and the environment. This pavilion occupies a fifteenth-century monastery in the heart of Venice.
Saudi Arabia’s concept ‘Brickmatter’ for Venice Architecture Biennale
Launching with an exhibition titled ‘Spaces in Between’, the Saudi Arabian pavilion is curated by Jawaher Al-Sudairy and Sumaya Al-Solaiman, and can be found at the Arsenale. The group of architects involved represent a younger generation of architects, all from Saudi Arabia, who were selected from a national competition. This project explores how liminal spaces can be utilised to increase community ties within Saudi’s rapidly expanding cities, which are experiencing rapid urbanisation.
Another new addition to the Arsenale, the Lebanese pavilion explores the ‘preconditions’ for architecture including ‘fragility, scarcity of resources, and commodification’. Curated by Hala Younes, this theme was chosen as at this point in time the country seems to be ‘for sale’ as it gradually becomes absorbed by the real estate economy, where territory becomes no more than abstract ‘unbuilt’ space. Relief maps, landscape photography, and video surveillance are on display to bring attention to the resources instead of the structures.