Central St Giles by Renzo Piano, London
Even though the brand new Central St Giles complex's inauguration only took place at the end of May, its owners, Legal & General Property, have owned the property on site since 1958. It was their search for quality, as well as the right project and architect, which led them to the scheme's completion this summer, following an almost 10-year design process.
This approach was also part of what encouraged much sought-after Italian architect Renzo Piano to accept the job: 'What attracts me to take on a commission is usually a combination of many things. In this case the client and the company involved were all about long lasting quality, without rushing. It is very difficult to do a job with somebody who has a short vision - in the end it never works.'
The clients announced Renzo Piano as the project's main architect in 2001 and since then the team has worked full-speed ahead on the design to replace the existing 'fortress-like' building on site. 'In 2006 we were still just drawing', recalls Piano, explaining the studio's long and extra careful design process.
Scale was among the project's many challenges; the brief required a rather large building, with the risk of a rather clunky result. Cleverly breaking down the building's mass into separate volumes and 13 different façades, while creating a central courtyard at the heart of the complex with five free access points to the street, Piano not only opened up the site to the public but created the conditions for a vivacious community feel to match the area's dynamism.
'This project is private but when you stand at ground level, it doesn't feel so,' he explains. 'Cities are all about intensity - they need it. This is why I was attracted to the project from the beginning. When we first came here the property was a kind of fortress. Now, this will all change. As soon as people understand they can cross through the central courtyard, their attitude towards it will change; they will cross because it's a shortcut and it is also nicer.'
Another key and hard-to-ignore element of the complex is its block-coloured ceramic façade cladding - admittedly an unusual choice for a London building. In bright orange, green, red and grey, the building certainly stands out vividly from its neighbours, a deliberate move by Piano and his team in an attempt to mirror central London's colourful character.
As controversial as its façade coloration may be, Central St Giles is as lively as it is sustainably designed - 'sustainability is not just about energy; this building is also urbanely sustainable', stresses Piano. Ultimately, it's a truly mixed-use building, not merely because it includes affordable and luxury residential, office, hospitality and retail space under one roof, but also because it fits its surroundings perfectly, reflecting central London's multi-faceted urban dynamism.
As for Piano's wish for its future? 'I hope it will become another element of the community's life - an integral part of urbanity.'