Alpine adventures: OFIS creates a perfectly formed mountain shelter in Slovenia

OFIS creates a perfectly formed mountain shelter in Slovenia

Modern storm shelter built into mountain terrain
This storm shelter, by OFIS architects and AKT II structural engineers in collaboration with students from Harvard Graduate School of Design, is nestled into the sloping mountain terrain. 
(Image credit: Anze Cokl)

Appearances can be deceiving and at first glance, the small and stylish storm shelter at the base of Mountain Skuta, the third highest peak in the Kamnik Alps, appears vulnerable in its exposed rugged terrain. Rest assured, this streamlined design by Slovenian OFIS architects (opens in new tab) and AKT II structural engineers in collaboration with students from Harvard University Graduate School of Design will undeniably withstand the capricious climate of the Alps and provide emergency refuge for up to eight mountaineers.

The brief – to design an innovative and practical shelter, or bivouac (as mountain climbing shelters are often known as), for the extreme Alpine climate – was conceived by a design studio at Harvard Graduate School of Design, hosted by Rok Oman and Spela Videcnik of OFIS. 'The bivouac is an object that represents a basic human necessity, a shelter. It is a symbol of refuge,' the architects explain.  

The studio – 'Habitation in Extreme Environments (opens in new tab)' –culminated in 12 student proposals that addressed various site conditions and material considerations, and a scheme by students Frederick Kim, Katie MacDonald and Erin Pellegrino was selected as the preferred. With the conclusion of the academic year, OFIS and AKT II continued to develop the design for the Mountain Skuda site, where it would replace an existing 50-year-old bivouac.

The dichotomy of minimal environmental impact versus the necessity for a robust weather-resistant structure was resolved by a triad of interconnected terraced modules, which nestle into the sloping terrain, securely pinned to the ground. The modules were prefabricated off site and airlifted into position by the Slovenian Armed Forces and Mountain Rescue Service to be installed within a single day.

Robust steel framed modules are clad externally in highly resistant glass fibre reinforced concrete cladding panels. The pitched forms and muted cladding materials are a respectful nod to vernacular Slovenian architecture and the triple glazed gables, with defined timber reveals, frame the dramatic views of the Alps.

Form follows function in the modest larch lined interior and the three stepped modules clearly divide the shelter. The first module is the entrance/storage area, the second doubles up as social/sleeping space and the third is a bunk sleeping area.

'The hope is that the bivouac will serve as a shelter for all of the climbers who need it, and that through their care and attention it will continue to do so for many years,' say the architects.

The shelter is covered in grey concrete cladding

The cool grey concrete cladding weds the bivouac to its rocky grey landscape. 

(Image credit: Janez Martincic)

Wooden, asymmetrical structure with glazed gable ends

The asymmetric glazed gables offer picture perfect views of the Alpine scenery. 

(Image credit: Janez Martincic)

The shelter is made of larch and has minimalist furniture

Subdivided by a step between floor levels, the warm larch lined interior is modest, with minimalist integrated furniture. 

(Image credit: Anze Cokl)

An image of the shelter at night, lit from the inside

The shelter shines like a beacon on a clear night, offering spectacular views down the valley. 

(Image credit: Andrej Gregoric)

Aerial view of the shelter surrounded by mountain terrain

The small but perfectly formed storm shelter is designed to withstand the extreme elements. 

(Image credit: Janez Martincic)