Exploring The Dubai Expo’s architecture in progress
As the Dubai Expo announces new dates (1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022), we check in on progress at the construction site. South of Dubai, we find many of the Expo’s districts, pavilions and portals rising up from the desert. Asif Khan’s entry portals have just completed, the public realm is materialising and the impressive central meeting place, the Al Wasl Dome, is well underway. Plus, preview some of the most eye-catching national pavilions still under construction
Opposite of ephemeral, The Dubai Expo has been built to thrive as a site of performance and discovery for its six month exhibition run, yet it has also been designed with longevity for the future.
Stretching over 4.38 sq km, the Dubai Expo is a whole new district for the city. From a central plaza and 360 degree projection at its heart, the masterplan organically sprawls into three petal-shaped districts. These three thematic districts will host the 192 national pavilions where each country’s latest innovations will be on display.
As well as anticipating the future, many architects and designers across the site have been inspired by the culture of the UAE. Architect Asif Khan notes that this is the very first Expo of the Middle Eastern region, and the world has much to learn from the traditional architecture adapted to the desert climate, as much as its recent innovation.
We’ll begin the tour at Khan’s vast entry portals that draw directly from local architecture. The design lifts conceptually from the traditional Mashrabiya screen, a lattice work shading device commonly found in architecture of the region. While the form echoes the typical gateway and courtyard sequence found at many buildings, such as Khan’s grandfather’s house in Pakistan.
The references may be traditional, yet these structures challenge the latest technology through material and engineering. At 21m high and 30m long the portal is made of machine woven carbon fibre, a material found more often in cars and ships than architecture. The 3m wide panels, that weigh just 6kg, were made in Germany and assembled ‘like Meccano’ on site. Through these delicate yet colossally strong portals, Khan has brought past and future, symbolism and function together: ‘The outcome is a pattern, but the input is an equation of maximum shading, minimum resistance, minimum material and maximum strength,’ he says of the complex geometric structure.
Once moving through the entry portal, visitors reach an elliptical welcome building and then join one of the walkways that guide people at different speeds through the site. The public realm and the spaces that connect people together – such as a series of benches inspired by the Arabic script designed in collaboration with Amsterdam-based Lebanese typographer Lara Captan, have also been devised by Khan.
Soon you’ll find yourself in one of the three petal-shaped zones masterplanned by Hopkins Architects. Titled Opportunity, Mobility and Sustainability the zones feature the 192 pavilions woven between courtyard spaces and self-shaded streets inspired by Dubai’s historic Al Fahidi neighbourhood. A sprouting structure shades the main arteries of the districts, collects water for irrigation and lights up during the evenings, and at the heart of each district is a unique thematic pavilion – the Mobility Pavilion, designed by Foster + Partners; the Opportunity Pavilion, by AGi Architects; and the Sustainability Pavilion by Grimshaw Architects.
Many national pavilions currently under construction use material technology at new scales and in innovative ways. Paris and Casablanca based architecture studio Oualalou + Choi is building a 33m rammed earth facade on the Morocco Pavilion and Helsinki based JKMM is sculpting and Arabic tent out of timber for the Finland Pavilion. Meanwhile Vienna based querkraft is using 9,000 year old soil to craft 47 truncated cones at the Austria Pavilion. (Yet to be revealed from the site, we preview some of the most eye-catching pavilions below.)
At the heart of the plan, another structure that has taken shape already is the central Al Wasl Plaza designed by US-based architects Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture. This meeting place for Expo up to 10,000 visitors aims to create a pleasant micro-climate through landscaping and architecture. Enclosing the plaza is the Al Wasl Dome, stretching 130 m wide and 67.5 m tall, that will be used as a 360 degree projection surface. Here, the name ‘Al Wasl’ refers to the historic name for Dubai, which translates as ‘connection’, named because it was a global hub where people came together to connect.
So while the Dubai Expo may be postponing these connections until 2021, we may well find that next year, ‘connection’ will be all the more meaningful. In response to the postponing of the Expo, Erik Linquier, Commissioner General of France at Expo 2020 Dubai said: ‘Gathering humanity in one place to celebrate all the things that unite us is something that will be more necessary than ever once this pandemic passes.’
Preview some of the pavilions currently under construction...