Dear Calder, dear Kelly: the friendship of two great artists a generation apart
They were separated by 25 years: a generation apart, Alexander Calder and Ellsworth Kelly sparked a rich friendship after meeting in Paris in the early 1950s – an important time creatively for both artists. New York gallery Lévy Gorvy is now celebrating the visual and personal connection between the renowned American artists with an exhibition featuring around three dozen paintings and sculptures made over a 50-year period.
Spread across three storeys of the Upper East Side gallery, the show threads together a captivating dialogue of aesthetics and abstraction. Compare Kelly’s Plant II (1949) painting to Calder’s monumental Black Beast (1940) on the ground floor – both works speak to the artists’ individual pursuit of essential form and space, sitting in perfect union next to each other. ‘It seems so obvious when you look around and see the extraordinary connection between the artists, but this is really the first time this has been explored,’ says Jack Shear, director of the Ellsworth Kelly Foundation.
For gallerist Dominique Lévy, inspiration sprang from a serendipitous encounter three years ago at a Calder show staged by the Pulitzer Art Foundation in St Louis. A ‘very beautiful’ Kelly painting – part of the institution’s collection – so happened to catch her gaze through one of Calder’s mobiles. ‘It moved me profoundly. And so [the New York] exhibition doesn’t have a pretentious idea of creating an influence, a link or a new revision of art history,’ she explains.
The artists met in Paris in 1950 through mutual friends: Calder then 52 with a career-defining MoMA retrospective behind him, and a precocious 27-year-old Kelly who was still a few years away from his first New York solo show at Betty Parsons Gallery. However, it was only after Kelly returned to the US in 1954 that their relationship flourished. Lévy ponders: ‘What was this friendship? And why was it meaningful?’
They eschewed the mentor and disciple dynamic, and never acknowledged having influence on one another (both men generally resisted discussing the impact of other artists on their work, according to Calder biographer Jed Perl). But Calder was known to have helped Kelly professionally, reaching out to influential curators and even going so far as to pay his studio rent for a month – a gesture he never extended to any other artist. Sandy Rower, president of the Calder Foundation (and Calder’s grandson), says, ‘Ellsworth was surprised by it – he didn’t really understand it either. It will always be a mystery.’
Calder, too, was instrumental in orchestrating Kelly’s inclusion in MoMA’s landmark 1959 survey ‘Sixteen Americans’, where he exhibited alongside Frank Stella and Robert Rauschenberg. Their friendship was underpinned by a steady correspondence, social gatherings at each other’s homes, and gifts of art through the 1950s – some of which are included in the show at Lévy Gorvy. (A small painting dated circa 1944 given to Kelly by Calder offers a rare chance to see a two-dimensional work realised by the sculptor.)
Simon Perchik, Forrest Gander, and Dan Chiasson have contributed poems inspired by the artists that punctuate the show. ‘We particularly went deep in our passion for poetry for this exhibition by commissioning three poets to think and reflect [on it],’ explains Lévy. ‘In an economy of words, they have said the essential.’ Perhaps then, we need look no further than these words from Gander: ‘Look the colours are conversing. About what? Joy, man, joy!’ §